The “A” of “ABC” means HbA1c. This test measures how well your blood sugar has been controlled over the past two to three months. The test result should be 7% or less.
High levels of persistent untreated blood glucose can damage many organs in the body, including the heart and blood vessels. Good blood glucose control combines the following:
Regular Physical Activities
Blood glucose lowering medications in the form of tablets or insulin as needed
Before and after meals, make sure your blood sugar is within the target range:
Before meals 4-7 mmol / L
2 hours after meals 5-10 mmol / L
The “B” of “ABC” stands for blood pressure which is the measure of the strength of the blood against the walls of the blood vessels. The target to be reached in people with diabetes is less than 130/80 mm Hg.
The top number (130) is the target of pressure when your heart contracts and ejects blood out of the heart (systolic blood pressure). The figure below (80) is the pressure when the heart is at rest between two beats (diastolic tension).
Adequate control of blood pressure should include medications that lower blood pressure as well as healthy lifestyle habits helping with the management of blood sugar levels.
The “C” of “ABC” is worth for cholesterol, which a fat we all have in our blood and our cells. There are two types of cholesterol:
LDL (low density lipoprotein) often called “bad” cholesterol. High levels of LDL may increase the risk of heart disease.
HDL (high density lipoprotein) often called “good” cholesterol. High HDL can reduce the risk of heart disease.
Your health care team will check your cholesterol levels. Your goal is to maintain your LDL “bad” cholesterol at 2.0 mmol / L or less.
Reducing cholesterol includes the adoption of healthy lifestyle habits. It is very useful to have a diet:
Low in saturated fat and trans fats
Low in cholesterol
Rich in fiber.